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The Philippines

 
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Summer at the Philippines 1999  
 
Everything you always wanted to know about the Philipines, like its geography,economy,government, natural reasources, main cities and more.  

Please sign the guestbook when you leave.Thank You

 
 
 
  Geography 

The Philippines is an archipelago located in Southeast Asia, between the Philippine Sea and South China Sea. 

Area: 298,170 sq miles (land) 
         1,830 sq miles (water) 

Coastline: 36,289 sq miles 

Climate: tropical marine 
              northeast monsoon, November-April 
              southeast monsoon,May-October 

Lowest point: Philippine Sea (0 km) 
                       Mount Apo (2954 m) 

Natural Hazards: typhoons, cyclonic storms, landslides, active volcanoes, destructive earthquakes,tsunamis 

 
Government 

Country Name: Republic of the Philippines 
                          Rebublika ng Pilipinas 

Type: Republic 

Capital: Manila 

Administrative Divisions: 72 provices, 61 chartered cities 
Abra, Agusan del Norte, Agusan del 
Sur, Aklan, Albay, Angeles, Antique, Aurora, Bacolod*, Bago*, Baguio*, Bais*, Basilan, Basilan 
City*, Bataan, Batanes, Batangas, Batangas City*, Benguet, Bohol, Bukidnon, Bulacan, Butuan*, 
Cabanatuan*, Cadiz*, Cagayan, Cagayan de Oro*, Calbayog*, Caloocan*, Camarines Norte, 
Camarines Sur, Camiguin, Canlaon*, Capiz, Catanduanes, Cavite, Cavite City*, Cebu, Cebu City*, 
Cotabato*, Dagupan*, Danao*, Dapitan*, Davao City* Davao, Davao del Sur, Davao Oriental, 
Dipolog*, Dumaguete*, Eastern Samar, General Santos*, Gingoog*, Ifugao, Iligan*, Ilocos Norte, 
Ilocos Sur, Iloilo, Iloilo City*, Iriga*, Isabela, Kalinga-Apayao, La Carlota*, Laguna, Lanao del Norte, 
Lanao del Sur, Laoag*, Lapu-Lapu*, La Union, Legaspi*, Leyte, Lipa*, Lucena*, Maguindanao, 
Mandaue*, Manila*, Marawi*, Marinduque, Masbate, Mindoro Occidental, Mindoro Oriental, 
Misamis Occidental, Misamis Oriental, Mountain, Naga*, Negros Occidental, Negros Oriental, North 
Cotabato, Northern Samar, Nueva Ecija, Nueva Vizcaya, Olongapo*, Ormoc*, Oroquieta*, Ozamis*, 
Pagadian*, Palawan, Palayan*, Pampanga, Pangasinan, Pasay*, Puerto Princesa*, Quezon, Quezon 
City*, Quirino, Rizal, Romblon, Roxas*, Samar, San Carlos* (in Negros Occidental), San Carlos* (in 
Pangasinan), San Jose*, San Pablo*, Silay*, Siquijor, Sorsogon, South Cotabato, Southern Leyte, 
Sultan Kudarat, Sulu, Surigao*, Surigao del Norte, Surigao del Sur, Tacloban*, Tagaytay*, 
Tagbilaran*, Tangub*, Tarlac, Tawitawi, Toledo*, Trece Martires*, Zambales, Zamboanga*, 
Zamboanga del Norte, Zamboanga del Sur 
 
  

Executive Branch 
chief of state/head of government: President Joseph Ejercito Estrada (Erap) as of June 30,1998 (6-year terms) 
                       Vice President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo (6 year terms) 

The Cabinet is appointed by the President with consent from Commision of Appointments. 

Legislative Branch 
 bicameral congress (Kongress) 
Senado (senate) has 24 members who serve 6 year terms.  The Kapulungan Ng Mga Kinatawan (House of Representatives) has 221 members who serve 3 year terms. Additional 50 representatives may be appointed by the President. 

The last election was held on May 11, 1998.  The next one will be on May 11,2001 

Judicial Branch 
Supreme Court justices serve 4-year terms, and are appointed by President with reccomendation of Judicial and Bar Council. 

Political Parties and leaders 
Laban Ng Masang Pilipino or LAMP (Struggle of the Filipino Masses),Joseph Estrada 
Lakas,Raul MANGLAPUS 
Liberal Party, Raul Daza 
People's Reform Party (PRP), Miriam Defensor-Santiago 
Aksyon Demokratiko (Democratic Action), Raul Roco 
  

Independence Day: July, 12,1898 (from Spain) 
                                  July, 4, 1946 (from United States) 

Economy 

Natural Resources: 
 timber, petroleum, nickel, cobalt, silver, gold, salt, copper 

Industries 
textiles, pharmaceuticals, chemicals, wood products, food processing, electronics 
assembly, petroleum refining, fishing 

Agriculture products 
rice, coconuts, corn, sugarcane, bananas, pineapples, mangoes; pork, eggs, 
beef, fish 

Currency: 1Philippine peso (P)= 100 centavos 

Communication and Transportation 
There are 1.9 million telephones.  The Philippines has 261 AM and 55 FM radio stations. 
  

Source 

"Philippines." The World Factbook 1999.  January 1999. CIA-The World Factbook. 20 Nov.1999 
                <http://www.odci.gov/cia/publications/factbook/rp.html>